But fabricated stories posing as serious journalism are not likely to go away as they have become a means for some writers to make money and potentially influence public opinion. Even as Americans recognize that fake news causes confusion about current issues and events, they continue to circulate it.
International Declaration on the Protection of Journalists IPI encourages journalists, media outlets to endorse document seeking to promote safety May 11, SHARE The International Press Institute IPIin cooperation with the Al Jazeera Media Networkthe International News Safety Institute INSI and the Africa Media Initiative AMIis leading a global effort to promote a culture of safety within the media industry both by raising awareness among journalists about international standards in this area as well as by encouraging best practices in the newsroom for protecting journalists and media staff on dangerous assignments or working in hostile environments.
In order to fulfil these goals, IPI and its international partners have worked together to draft the International Declaration on the Protection of Journalists, which summarises international principles related to the protection of journalists operating in dangerous environments, emphasising the responsibilities of states to guarantee journalist safety and combat impunity, and highlights steps and remedies that media organisations and journalists should consider in order to strive for greater safety.
Ellis by email at sellis[at]freemedia. The document was analysed and discussed at two expert roundtables: Each roundtable gathered over 35 experts representing major media houses, international media and press freedom organisations, media associations and professional organisations, legal experts, academics, lawyers and press freedom advocates and activists.
As part of that overall process, IPI also encourages our colleagues to join the Global Safety Principles and Practices for Freelancerswhich have already been endorsed by over 60 media and press freedom organisations.
Explanatory Notes The Declaration includes two parts: A declaration summarising international principles relating to the protection of journalists covering events in dangerous environments and victims of human rights violations.
The document focuses on the responsibilities of states and institutions involved in this field, including law enforcement and security forces, and judicial authorities.
It is based on existing international human rights and humanitarian laws and mechanisms related to the protection of journalists, including resolutions, declarations, treaties, conventions, general comments and other statements by international organisations.
This document does not develop new principles, but is instead based entirely on principles enshrined in existing international instruments. These guidelines are designed to encourage best practices within the news media industry.
The existence of these guidelines in no way diminishes or takes away from the obligation of states to create a safe environment for journalists and to enable them to carry out their work independently and without interference.
Item 1 States shall fulfill their obligations to promote universal respect for, and observance and protection of, all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.
The protection and promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms is the first responsibility of States. States bear the primary responsibility to respect and ensure the human rights of their citizens, as well as of individuals within their territory as provided for by relevant international law.
All journalists, media professionals and associated personnel have the right to the full enjoyment of the rights enshrined in international human rights law and international humanitarian law while exercising their right to seek, receive and impart information and ideas, regardless of frontiers.
Item 2 All journalists, media professionals and associated personnel have the right to life. All journalists, media professionals and associated personnel have the right to protection from all human rights violations and abuses, including through killing, torture, enforced disappearance, arbitrary arrest and detention, expulsion, intimidation, harassment, threats and acts of other forms of violence, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination against themselves and their family members, or any other arbitrary action that results from the exercise of the rights referred to in this Declaration, including unlawful or arbitrary surveillance or interception of communications in violation of their rights to privacy and freedom of expression.
Journalists, media professionals and associated personnel whose fundamental rights and freedoms have been violated must be granted legal, medical and psychological aid in case such violations occur.
Perpetrators of such violations should be brought to justice and denied impunity. Item 3 Parties to an armed conflict bear the primary responsibility to take all feasible steps to ensure the protection of affected civilians, including those who exercise their right to freedom of expression by seeking, receiving and disseminating information by different means, online as well as offline, in accordance with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.During conflict, facework has a variety of functions and are employed to resolve conflict, exacerbate conflict, avoid conflict, threaten or challenge another person's position, protect a person's image, or to even manage the shared social identity.
PECOJON is an international network of print, radio and broadcast journalists, filmmakers and journalism teachers who focus on implementing and mainstreaming . Conflicts of interest among sources of health/medical news and information represent an enormous – and growing – problem. Journalists, broadcasters, editors, and producers too often rely.
Exclusive: Taking on water from revealed FBI conflicts of interest, the foundering Russia-gate probe – and its mainstream media promoters – are resorting to insults against people who note the. Summary of Conflict Resolution among the Bushmen: Lessons in Dispute Systems Design By William L.
Ury This Article Summary written by: Conflict Research Consortium Staff William L. Ury, "Conflict Resolution among the Bushmen: Lessons in Dispute Systems Design," Negotiation Journal vol. 11, no. 4 (October ), pp.
» Articles published in the past year To view other articles click corresponding year from the navigation links on the side bar.