His mother was the daughter of David Dalea Scottish textile manufacturer; his Welsh-born father became part-owner and manager of the New Lanark Mills, his father-in-law's textile mill at New LanarkScotland. After completing his formal education, Owen returned to Scotland to join his father in the textile business at New Lanark. Owen's three surviving brothers William, David, and Richard and his sister, Jane, also immigrated to the United States and became residents of New Harmony.
The midth century brought about a third revolution- one that involved educational and religious reforms. Thomas Paine's book The Age of Reason introduced and promoted the belief system of Deism, which many such as Jefferson and Franklin embraced.
Unitarians believed that God existed in one person, contrasting the Orthodox Trinity, and the movement appealed the most to intellectuals. The Second Great Awakening started in aboutand would bring countless converted souls, many shattered and reorganized churches, and numerous new sects.
Methodists and Baptists garnered the most converts during the Awakening. Charles Grandison Finney was the greatest of all revival preachers. A key feature of the Second Great Awakening was the feminization of religion.
Western New York came to be known as the Burned-Over District because of the excess preachers preaching "hellfire and damnation. This caused churches to split first, then political parties, and then the Union.
Smith was murdered inand the movement was taken over by Brigham Young. Young led the Mormons to settle in Utah in and the state grew remarkably. Public schooling was at first fully opposed but finally triumphed between At first the schools weren't much but they would do until Horace Mann came a long and made many improvements to public schools.
Education was further improved by the books of Noah Webster who promoted patriotism and standardized the American language with his dictionary. McGuffey was also influential with McGuffey's Readers, giving lessons on morality, patriotism, and idealism.
State-supported colleges began to appear in Education for woman was still frowned upon until the s, where women's schools began to attain some respectability.
Magazines flourished in the pre-Civil War years, but many did not last long. The age of reform had modern idealists dreaming of a perfected society: Criminal codes within states were being softened, but the so-called insane were still being treated with incredible cruelty.
It wasn't until Dorothea Dix went to the Massachusetts legislature to stand up for the mentally ill.
The drink problem attracted many determined reformers. The American Temperance Society was formed in Boston in Dow of Maine sponsored the Maine Law ofprohibiting the manufacture and sale of liquor. Women, still infused in the "cult of domesticity," yearned to break free from the cage that separated their world from the men's world.
Anthony, Elizabeth Blackwell, Lucy Stone, and more.
Even though women still could not vote, they were being admitted into colleges and could even own property after marriage in some states. Many scientific achievements were brought about such as the Birds of America book by John J.
Medicine was still primitive by modern standards.Free public education, triumphed in along with the voting power in the Jackson election there were largely ill-taught and ill-trained teachers, however Horace Mann fought for better schools and is the “Father of Public Education”.
Support for free public education gradually supported by wealthy citizens b. Tax-supported public education triumphed between and in the East and West (less so in the South) i. Laborers increasingly demanded education for their children. ii. Increased manhood suffrage meant workers pushed free c.
Essay on Civil Disobedience. Q: despite early resistance, the main reason free public education ultimately triumphed was Wealthy and politically powerful Americans feared that if the government failed to provide free public education, poor families immigrants would utilize their free vote to elect candidates and political parties opposed by these political and economic elite's.
Public schooling was at first fully opposed but finally triumphed between At first the schools weren't much but they would do until Horace Mann came a long and made many improvements to public .
Came in Women were a large part of it. Widened the lines between classes and regions. Prosperous Eastern were little touched by revivalism. Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and Unitarianists still rose from the wealthy.
was a time of major reform in education, crime prevention, slavery, religion, women's rights, industrialization, and public schooling, all a part of the revivalistic movement.