By Saul McLeodupdated Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space Ainsworth; Bowlby
An outline of the above mentioned two theories will be given and how it informs knowledge of human development. I will go on to critically discuss the links to social work practice. In conclusion, I will demonstrate application of attachment theory to social work practice.
Attachment theory Bowlby Howe et al asserts that attachment is viewed as a biological response designed to get children into close, protective relationships.
Bowlby outlined four phases of the development of attachment as an integrated system of behaviours in infants: Due to this and newly acquired motor skills, the infant now readily seeks the proximity to the caregiver.
Bowlby, cited in Beckett However, there are three types of insecure attachment which are listed by Wilson et al as insecure avoidant attachment group A, insecure ambivalent attachment group C and insecure disorganised or disoriented attachment group D each of which has a consequence of undesirable responses.
As Howe highlights, this attachment experience fosters security, it gives a sense of worth, faith in the helpfulness of others.
According to Howethe child builds internal working models of the world and of himself in it, with the aid of which he perceives events, forecasts the future, constructs his plans and works as mitigation in times of trauma by forming resilience mechanisms.
However, insecure attachment is contrary to this. Insecure-avoidant group A develops from a disengaged parenting style.
The child who fits into this category shows odd behaviour. As Howe et al points out, a common characteristic of these children is that they cry a lot, show more distress and are not enthusiastic about physical contact. The children were filled with anxiety before separation from mother, got upset when the mother left and were ambivalent when she returned.
They view a caregiver as unpredictable, rejecting and violent at times. Children who fall in this category are flooded with emotions of fear and anger Main and Solomon Application of attachment theory to social work practice This theory therefore provides social workers with part of the model of analysis in judging the quality of relationships Walker and Crawford Walker and Crawford ; 54 claim this to be essential in knowing when to intervene or even remove a child where there are concerns in relation to risks of insecure attachment.
As Gerhart elucidates, children can recover from abuse or other negative experiences even though it is more difficult for those who have been seriously maltreated. According to Doherty and Hughes early intervention with children who display discipline problems and problematic behaviours such as noncompliance, temper loss and aggression is very important and must be applied early.
Howe affirms that intervention to dissuade aggressive behaviour at a later time can be less effectual because adolescents become increasingly refractory to behavioural management therapies. Howe asserts that these attachment characteristics portrayed will help practitioners to gather useful information to be analysed and evaluated so as to make neither non-judgemental nor non oppressive decisions.
As Thompson notes, failure to obtain enough information is an example of ineffective practice which can lead to biased decisions being made.Jun 07, · Attachment Theory John Bowlby was a psychoanalyst and has developed his knowledge and understanding into the theory of Attachment.
Bowlby believed that children have been born programmed to form attachments which will help them survive; this is known as evolutionary attachments. Although Jamie has an enormous amount of initiative, he does not possess “purpose”.
According to Erikson, this is probably because Jamie. This essay will describe and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment and maternal deprivation hypothesis. The essay will describe the two theories, weighing up the strengths and the weaknesses.
This free Psychology essay on Essay: Bowlby's attachment theory and Paiget's cognitive theory is perfect for Psychology students to use as an example. out some points to consider when supporting service users on parenting skills which lead to the development of secure attachment for example that they need to respond to the child’s needs.
Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Essay. In this paper, Bowlby’s theory of attachment and child care will be outlined along with additions from other theorists such as Rutter and Ainsworth. Published: Mon, 20 Aug In the light of changes to the family since are Bowlbys ideas about care for young children still relevant today?
In this paper, Bowlby’s theory of attachment and child care will be outlined along with additions from other theorists such as Rutter and Ainsworth.