Contributions of the greeks and romans to western civilization

Chemistry, physics, astronomy, medicine, mathematics, language, literature, theater, music The Greeks were the main contributors in the formation of the scientific world in which we live. Most names given to sciences and arts "physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, theatre, etc" are of Greek origin in fact they are anglicised versions of Greek words. A few basic examples of the importance of the Greeks 1.

Contributions of the greeks and romans to western civilization

Continue reading for more on each of these contributions by ancient Greece. Democracy According to Merriam-Webster, a democracy is a government by the people "in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.

Athens started out with a monarchy and then advanced to an oligarchy until it finally reached a democracy. The democratic government consisted of 6, assembly members, all of whom were adult male citizens.

Contributions of the greeks and romans to western civilization

The assembly voted on issues throughout Athens. In order for a law to pass, the number of votes needed to be a majority. But in order to banish or exile someone, all 6, votes were needed.

Today, at least in the United States, we use a democratic system. But instead of a direct democracy, we have a representative democracy in which the citizens democratically vote on who should make the decisions in the country. This is different than ancient Greece's direct democracy wherein citizens voted on the decision rather than choosing people to make the decision.

The Alphabet Derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, the greek alphabet was the first alphabet in the western sense of the word, featuring distinct letters for vowels and consonants.

11 Greek Influences and Contributions to Today's Society | Owlcation

It was developed after the Dark Ages and consisted of 24 letters, ordered from alpha to omega. Believe it or not, the word "alphabet" originates from the first 2 letters of the Greek alphabet: Today many letters of our modern alphabet originate from the Greek alphabet, including letters such as A, B, E, and O.

The Greek originally had a single form of each letter, but created upper case and lower case versions of the letters later. Artistic rendering of the Library of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence. Von Corven Source 3. The Library The first library in the world, the library of Alexandria, was actually built in Egypt.

The Macedonians started spreading the Greek way of life to all of the conquered lands, including Egypt. Ptolemy ordered the construction of a library which would contain overscrolls of work. There was also a rule that all ships passing through the Alexandrian harbor had to declare if they had any works of science or philosophy.

Greek Contributions to Western Civilization

If they did, the work was copied and placed in the library, and the original copy would be returned to the captain. Because of this accumulation of knowledge, many great discoveries took place in the library.Of all the cultures to have influenced contemporary Western civilization, Ancient Greece is perhaps the most powerful.

According to, the imprint of the ancient Greeks on Western society spans such diverse areas as politics, philosophy, science, art, architecture and sports. Ancient Roman Contributions to Western Civilization. The fabulous history of the city of Rome, the Roman Republic and the Empire remain sources of amazement and wonderment even today.

The Glory of Rome Law and Politics: In addition, the Romans were great admirers of the Greeks. Therefore, educated Romans used Latin and Greek as a means. greek civilization was a west civilization if people has not moved east and west Greek civilization gave to the world sculpture, painting, architecture, poetry, philosophy, the religion of of romans too, medicine as we know today even if without same technology, writing.

totally . Ancient Greeks made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, math and science. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of .

The Ancient Greeks' contributions to Western Civilization are so numerous that we can only really talk about a very few of them here Thales of Miletus is known as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition, and he is otherwise historically recognized as the first individual in Western civilization known to have entertained and engaged in scientific philosophy.

Contributions of Greek and Roman Empires Essay - While Greece had many contributions to the formation of Western civilization, perhaps their most important contribution is the Olympic Games.

What Did the Greeks Contribute to Western Civilization? |