None of these studies reported on the prevalence of common mental disorders during pregnancy.
These techniques differ in the mechanism used to apply suction, in how early in pregnancy they can be used, and in whether cervical dilation is necessary.
MVA, also known as "mini-suction" and " menstrual extraction ", can be used in very early pregnancy, and does not require cervical dilation. Curettage refers to cleaning the walls of the uterus with a curette.
IDX is sometimes called " partial-birth abortion ", which has been federally banned in the United States. In the third trimester of pregnancy, induced abortion may be performed surgically by intact dilation and extraction or by hysterotomy.
Hysterotomy abortion is a procedure similar to a caesarean section and is performed under general anesthesia. It requires a smaller incision than a caesarean section and is used during later stages of pregnancy.
This procedure may be performed from 13 weeks gestation to the third trimester. For this reason, labor induced abortion is legally risky in the U.
The historian of medicine John Riddle has spoken of the "broken chain of knowledge," : And sometimes their fumbling attempts to recover the knowledge can be disastrous. For example, in one woman in Colorado died and another was seriously injured when they attempted to procure an abortion by taking pennyroyal oil.
Abortion is sometimes attempted by causing trauma to the abdomen. The degree of force, if severe, can cause serious internal injuries without necessarily succeeding in inducing miscarriage. These and other methods to terminate pregnancy may be called "induced miscarriage".
Such methods are rarely used in countries where surgical abortion is legal and available. The World Health Organization defines unsafe abortions as those performed by unskilled individuals, with hazardous equipment, or in unsanitary facilities.
Complications, which are rare, can include uterine perforationpelvic infectionand retained products of conception requiring a second procedure to evacuate. Second-trimester abortions are generally well-tolerated. Referring to the U. In the prominent professor of obstetrics and gynecology Frederick J.
Taussig wrote that a cause of increasing mortality during the years of illegality in the U. Abortion and mental health Current evidence finds no relationship between most induced abortions and mental-health problems   other than those expected for any unwanted pregnancy. Unsafe abortion Soviet poster circawarning against midwives performing abortions.
They may attempt to self-abort or rely on another person who does not have proper medical training or access to proper facilities.
Sheikha A. is from Pakistan and United Arab Emirates. Her work appears in over literary venues, both print and online, and several anthologies by different presses. After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go. Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address. An essay or paper on Literature Review of Teen Pregnancy. The purpose of this section of the study is to provide a review of relevant literature that focuses on questions related to teenage pregnancy. The Introduction to this study offered an overview of the extent of the problem, its effects an.
This has a tendency to lead to severe complications, such as incomplete abortion, sepsishemorrhage, and damage to internal organs. The Dublin Declaration on Maternal Health, signed innotes, "the prohibition of abortion does not affect, in any way, the availability of optimal care to pregnant women.
Countries with restrictive abortion laws have higher rates of unsafe abortion and similar overall abortion rates compared to those where abortion is legal and available.
Between andin the U. However, restrictive abortion laws are associated with increases in the percentage of abortions performed unsafely. According to the report of employees of Guttmacher Institute it ranged from 7 per women Germany and Switzerland to 30 per women Estonia in countries with complete statistics in Gestational age and method Histogram of abortions by gestational age in England and Wales during Some of the most common reasons are to postpone childbearing to a more suitable time or to focus energies and resources on existing children.
These factors can sometimes result in compulsory abortion or sex-selective abortion. Wade and Doe v.Chapter Two Teenage Pregnancy and Social Policy: A review of the literature Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to review the available literature focusing on the areas of policy relating to teenage pregnancy under exploration in this thesis.
teenage pregnancy patterns and associated factors in igbo-etiti lga of enugu state health education a thesis submitted to the department of health education, faculty of education, university of nigeria, nsukka webmaster summary of literature review - - - - - - After being taken down twice by Blogger within a single week, we got the message: It’s Time To Go.
Gates of Vienna has moved to a new address.
Executive Summary The situation of induced abortion has changed markedly over the past few decades. This report provides updated information on the incidence of abortion worldwide, the laws that regulate abortion and the safety of its provision.
It also looks at unintended pregnancy, its relationship to abortion, and the impact that both have on . Teenage pregnancy has attracted a great deal of concern and attention from religious leaders, the general public, policymakers, and social scientists, particularly in the developed and less developed countries especially in Nigeria.
Before, we didn't know how to control pregnancy, we didn't have the education, and people in the area were having nine or ten children. We have 18 families and no one has more than three children.