Catholicism Catholicism fast facts and introduction For the first 1, years of Christianity there was no "Catholicism" as it is known it today, simply because there were no other forms of Christianity to distinguish it. There was only the "one, holy, catholic church" "catholic" means "universal"which was the body of Christian believers all over the western world, united by common traditions, beliefs, church structure and worship. Before the Reformation in the sif you were a Christian, you belonged to the Catholic Church.
The Pope was theoretically superior to even monarchs, and kings and queens could be excommunicated if they contravened the wishes of the Pope.
An excommunicated person could not receive the sacraments and was therefore thought to be damned to hell. Consequently, the church held some degree of power over monarchs in the Middle Ages.
For example, inthe Church passed the Truce of God, which stated that the days from Thursday to Sunday were holy days on which fighting was disallowed. This edict helped curb the endless bloodshed that had characterized relations between nobles and monarchs, as the cost of fielding an army to fight on only three days a week Monday through Wednesday seemed prohibitively high.
The church was also the center of the most medieval towns. People were expected to attend religious services on Sundays, and they also celebrated holidays and feasts according to the church schedule, as holidays were religious rather than secular in nature.
Cathedrals were also the site of Europe's first universities, so the church was also a center of learning and scholarship.
Monasteries and nunneries provided housing for monks and nuns, and many religious figures were involved in acts of charity. The church was also a major landowner in many parts of Europe. Therefore, the church was integral to the political, economic, and social life of the Middle Ages.The Roman Catholic Church traces its history to Jesus Christ and the Apostles.
Over the course of centuries it developed a highly sophisticated theology and an elaborate organizational structure headed by the papacy, member of the Roman Catholic Church.
Roman Catholicism and the emergence of national consciousness.
History- The Roman Catholic Church is the oldest and original Christian Church, therefore, the beliefs and teachings of the Church were directly passed onto the leaders of the Catholic Church .
Free Essay: To speak of the development of the Roman Catholic Church, is as if to retell the entire story of creation, all the way from Genesis to present. Nov 24, · Good essay hook sentences about fate doug macleod author biography essay bad english essay capitalizing interest on building construction essays devaluation of the dollar essays .
A Brief Overview of Womenpriests in the History of the Roman Catholic Church by Bridget Mary Meehan, Olivia Doko, and Victoria Rue Roman Catholic Womenpriests are a new and ancient model of priesthood, within the Roman Catholic Church.
7), Italian head of the Roman Catholic church whose pontificate (–78) was the longest in history and was marked by a transition from moderate political liberalism to conservatism.
Notable events of his reign included the declaration of the dogma of the Immaculate .