The Lord's Prayerin Matthew 6:
Related Media Introduction The Sermon on the Mount has held a primary place in the teachings of the church throughout the centuries But, even though it has enjoyed such popularity, it has not always been understood in the same way. Various authors have regarded the Sermon from numerous and even quite different, conflicting points of view.
The point of our discussion is simply to summarize the main teachings of Harvey K. The outline of the paper will follow the outline of the book as I work my way through it, noting what I feel are the most important points for later referral as well as commenting in areas where I feel the author has done an especially good job or in other instances missed the mark.
Prologue The Sermon as Problem General Introduction The author says that the sermon has been widely accepted and quoted within the Christian tradition as well as outside of it. Chapter 5 has been quoted by the Fathers far more than any other in the entire Bible and more than any other three successive chapters.
This trend continues into the 20th century. Some from without have truly admired the sermon Ghandi and Jewish scholar, G.
Montefiore [The Synoptic Gospels] while others have trashed it along with the rest of Scripture cf. Still a third group has arisen which most notably the German Fr. Naumann says that the ethic taught in the sermon is itself impossible to be lived out in a capitalistic society like we have.
Thus he struggled with the essence of what Jesus taught as did Luther, who found the sermon difficult to fathom and often mishandled.
The most significant contribution of this section is the fact that the sermon has itself been well read and in many ways understood differently. This is true no matter what the theological persuasion in which one finds oneself. It is a most interesting and compelling portion of Scripture. Chapter one deals with the relation of the sermon to the Mosaic tradition, touching upon such questions as, "Was the New Law implicit in the Old?
I know from dispensational circles that this is a major question that we ask in one form or another. Paul seems to decry a works mentality, but Jesus seems to be reinforcing it in the sermon. McArthur asks, "If He [Jesus] expected God to bring human history to a swift close what affect did this expectation have on His ethics?
He sees, given the probability of Markan priority, that Matthew used two other sources: M stands for sources used by Matthew other than Q and Mark and not common to Luke.
His point is that this information serves to remind us that "the original words of Jesus come to us veiled by the language of the primitive church. McArthur reveals the importance of the five sermons and the formula, "and when Jesus had finished saying those things" of Matthew drawing attention to the sermon on the mount as the most carefully constructed of all of them i.
He cites Calvin as one who held this view, stating also that it was widely acknowledged by Catholic and Protestant scholars.
The Literature The purpose of this section is simply to state some of the most important literature written on the sermon with respect to the problems at hand. Due to the condensed and factual nature of the information given here which means I cannot summarize it to any helpful level without really just repeating what the author has already said I suggest that the book be consulted directly.
Chapter 1 The Sermon and the Mosaic Tradition Patristic and Medieval Views McArthur asks, what is an essential question when trying to understand the sermon, "What was the relation of the ethic in the Sermon on the Mount to that proclaimed by the Mosaic tradition in Judaism?
Augustine claimed that Christ fulfilled the Mosaic Law in at least six ways and did not destroy it as Faustus claimed. First, Jesus fulfilled the Law by obeying it.
Second, Jesus fulfilled the Law by giving the Holy Spirit to His followers so that they could obey it. I take it the point here is that Jesus urged obedience to it among his followers, therefore, He did not desire to break it at all.
Fourth, Jesus fulfilled the Law by fulfilling its Messianic predictions. Fifth, Jesus fulfilled the Law by transforming its ceremonial aspects thus revealing their true significance.
Sixth, Jesus fulfilled the Law by giving certain additional commands which furthered the intention of the original law.As you study the Sermon on the Mount, notice his teaching methods and look for ways you can emulate him as a teacher.
Suggested Lesson Development Attention Activity. Background on Sermon on the Mount. Trying to apply Jesus’ teachings without receiving Him as Lord and Savior is futile. Those, for example, who promote the social gospel, endeavoring to institute Jesus’ teachings apart from His saving and regenerating work, prove only that His principles cannot work for those who do not have a.
The Sermon on the Mount (anglicized from the Matthean Vulgate Latin section title: Sermo in monte) is a collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus Christ, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5, 6, and 7).
While the entire first discourse (the Sermon on the Mount) could be looked at from the perspective of Jesus as the new Moses, I will focus mainly on the set up to the sermon.
Four things point to Matthew describing Jesus as the new Moses as he goes up to give the new law.
In many ways, Jesus' teachings during the Sermon on the Mount represent the major ideals of the Christian life. For example, Jesus taught about subjects such as prayer, justice, care for the needy, handling the religious law, divorce, fasting, judging other people, salvation, and much more. Background on Sermon on the Mount. Trying to apply Jesus’ teachings without receiving Him as Lord and Savior is futile. Those, for example, who promote the social gospel, endeavoring to institute Jesus’ teachings apart from His saving and regenerating work, prove only that His principles cannot work for those who do not have a. Humility is to be the vocation of all Christians, then, and this is difficult. For those who would follow Jesus, it certainly does not get any easier as we move to another section of the Sermon on the Mount, to the so-called hard sayings of Jesus.
Christ’s words recorded in Matthew chapters 5, 6 and 7 are often called the Sermon on the Mount. The reason for this designation is that Jesus “went up on a mountain” (Matthew ) to deliver this message. McArthur quotes a number of Rabbinic parallels to Jesus statements in the Sermon on the Mount to support his thesis while trying to deal honestly with the sermon and the teachings of Paul, has made much of the accidents between the two and little of the essential unity of substance.
Seven observations follow: First, both the sermon and.